OVERVIEW OF AUSTRALIA

OVERVIEW OF AUSTRALIA

1. General information AUSTRALIA

OVERVIEW OF AUSTRALIA
OVERVIEW OF AUSTRALIA
Country name: Commonwealth of Australia
– National Day: January 26, 1788
– Capital: Canberra
– Area: 7,617,930km2
– Population: 22,509,890 (estimated number until 2010)
– Ethnicity: Caucasian (94%), Asian (2%), Indigenous (Aboriginal) (1%), other race (3%).
Administration: Australia is a large country consisting of 6 states and 2 main territories. Those states are: New South Wales (NSW), Queensland (QLD), South Australia (SA), Tasmania (TAS), Victoria (VIC) and Western Australia (WA). The two main territories are the Northern Territory (NT) and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). The capital territory incorporates a separate territory within New South Wales called the Jervis Bay Territory that serves as the naval base and seaport for the capital.
– Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD)
– Religion: Anglicanism (26.1%); Christianity (26%), other religions (24.3%).
– English language; Several other dialects are also used.
Ports: Adelaide, Brisbane, Cairns, Darwin, Devonport, Fremantle, Geelong, Hobart, Launceston, Mackay, Melbourne, Sydney, Townsville.
– Airport: 461 (2007).
Kangaroo 2 symbols of Australia Koala

2. Geography AUSTRALIA

Geographical location: Located on the Indo-Australian tectonic plate and surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans, Australia is isolated from Asia by the Arafura Sea and the Timor Sea. Australia has 34,218 kilometers of coastline (21,262 miles) including offshore islands and the area of ​​Australia’s exclusive economic zone is 8,148,250 square kilometers (3,146,060 sq mi). This exclusive economic zone does not include its territory in Antarctica. Australia has no land borders with other countries.
– Area: 7,617,930km2
– Climate: Only the Southeast and Southwest regions have a temperate climate. Most of Australia’s population is concentrated on the Southeast coast. The landscape in the northern part of the country, with a tropical climate, includes rainforests, woodlands, grasslands, mangroves and deserts.
Resources: Although much of Australia’s territory is desert or semi-desert, the country still possesses a rich variety of mineral resources. The main natural resources are gold, bauxite, iron, zinc, copper, diamonds, coal, uranium, petroleum and tin.

3. Economy AUSTRALIA

The public and agricultural economy is quite developed. Since the Second World War, Australia’s economic structure has changed and now the manufacturing industry is thriving. In particular, Australia is one of the few countries with a strong knowledge economy with the information technology and telecommunications (ICT) industry as the spearhead. Australia’s ICT market is worth $89 billion with more than 25,000 active companies and 236,000 employees.
One of the most stable economic, political and social environment in the region. The Australian economy has been highly competitive and has stood out in the world in recent years. With a stable economic growth rate of about 3.3%/year since 1990, low and stable inflation (2.5%/year for the last 15 years), low unemployment rate (under 5% today compared to with the highest level of 11% in 1992), Australia is considered as the most open economy in the world, the most dynamic development among industrialized countries.
The economy grew 1.2% in 2009 – the best growth rate in the OECD. Due to the positive economic performance, the budget deficit is projected to be below 4.2% of GDP and the government will have a budget surplus in early 2015. Ms. Gillard’s government focuses mainly on increasing the budget. labor productivity to ensure sustainable economic development, continue to maintain symbiotic, sometimes quite tense economic relations with China.
Investment and aid in Vietnam
– In 2010, Australia has 13 new investment projects in Vietnam, bringing the total number of Australian FDI projects in Vietnam to 235 projects (as of December 2010) with a total registered capital of 1.16 billion USD, ranking 20th out of 92 countries and territories investing in Vietnam.

5. Culture AUSTRALIA

Since 1788, the mainstay of Australian culture has been Anglo-Celtic, although the country’s idiosyncrasies soon emerged from the natural environment and Aboriginal culture. By the mid-20th century, Australian culture was strongly influenced by American popular culture, mainly television and film, by neighboring countries, and by a large proportion of immigrants from non-speaking countries. English.
And of course, Australian culture would not have the unique features as it is today if it did not include cultural pluralism. Even Australians themselves are always proud of their pluralistic and friendly culture. They live in a society that is always full of laughter, high security and full of camaraderie. The ethnic groups that come and live together on this Australian land have created an Australia with the most diverse culture in the world. Australia about 20% of Australians were born in another country; Another 25% have at least a foreign mother or father and more specifically, this place attracts people from more than 140 countries around the world to live.
All of Australia’s different cities are full of cultural activities, from cinema, literature and music to theatre, dance and the visual arts such as painting, cinema, playgrounds discount. Australia’s arts festivals attract people from all over the country with programs of musical theatre, dance and visual arts.

6. Cuisine AUSTRALIA

Australian cuisine is famous for its harmony and crystallization of many different cultures but always has its own identity. That is also a point that makes people very hard to forget if they have once enjoyed the food from this beautiful country.
In particular, Australian cuisine is very famous for its fresh seafood, local fruits, beef, lamb and world-class cheesecakes. Those who have been to this country cannot forget dishes like Barbeque with crispy grilled meats grilled in an airy, fresh natural setting.

7. Tourist spots AUSTRALIA

Sights: The reef that blocks the Sydney Patrol Harbor, Sydney Opera House, Melbourne Medieval Prison and Punishment Museum, Royal Botanic Gardens, Alps, etc.
Opera House – Treasures of Australia

8. Festivals AUSTRALIA

Australia has many festivals, spanning four seasons
– Spring in Australia, lasts from September to November. During this time, in Canberra, there is a giant Floriade flower festival; In Melbourne, there was a Spring Horse Racing Festival to compete with the Melbourne Cup, causing the whole country to stop all activities…
– Australia’s summer festivals, between December and February, with music and cultural festivals, outdoor events and sporting events such as the legendary Sydney – Hobart sailing races on the waves. of Hobart, fireworks on New Year’s Eve or Australia Day celebrations in Sydney Bay.
– Australia’s autumn festivals, from March to May, with festivals such as the Canberra Balloon Festival; the dancing parade down Sydney’s Oxford Street in the gay parade; food and wine festival in Melbourne, fashion week and the Australian Grand Prix…
Winter in Australia, lasts from June to August across most of the country. In the Northern Territory, sunny days and cool nights make winter the perfect time to hit the streets and celebrate. Events range from quirky events like the Darwin Beer Can Regatta canoe race, to sacred events like the world-famous Garma Festival in Arnhem Land. Down South, traditional winter delights take their special place Enjoy Mid-year Christmas at Yulefest in the Blue Mountains, enjoy a delicious dinner by a burning fire at the fire festival Camp Fireside in Canberra or mark the winter solstice at the Antarctic Mid-Winter Festival in Hobart.

9. Traffic AUSTRALIA

Cities in Australia all have excellent public transport systems that make getting around simple. Public transportation is slightly different in each city because each state government manages the system separately. Buses, trains and ferries operate in most cities in Australia and are very punctual.
(Source: VCCI, Internet, www.vietkieu.info)
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OVERVIEW OF AUSTRALIA

Universities in Australia

are mostly general universities. Universities receive funding from the Commonwealth as well as a large part from international students coming to study in Australia. Below is a list of some typical universities in Australia.
University of Canberra
Australian National University
University of New South Wales
University of Wollongong
University of Sydney
University of Newcastle
University of Technology Sydney
Deakin University
LaTrobe University
Monash University
University of Melbourne
Swinburne University
University of Queensland
Queensland University of Technology
University of Western Australia
Curtin University
University of South Australia
University of Adelaide
University of Tasmania
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Australian communication culture

At first, when you first come to Australia, you will feel that Australians seem strange, but in fact they are extremely comfortable and comfortable. During the process of studying and living in Australia, you will gradually get used to their care. Not too ostentatious in conversations, they use eye contact more in communication. Australians always show respect and always use eye contact to show that they are listening to what you have to say. Australians also frequently show interest in each other by asking questions about their age, marital status and financial situation. So don’t think they’re impolite or overly curious, that’s the culture of communication in this country. Australians value punctuality and they also want those around them to appreciate their time. Therefore, when studying in Australia, you need to pay attention to the issue of time, not “rubber” under any circumstances.
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Australians always use eye contact to show respect and listen in conversations

Dressing style in Australia

Australia is a multiracial society, so Australians are quite comfortable in choosing clothes. Put into clear contexts and situations, there are also some requirements such as wearing long-sleeved clothes for funerals, attending high-level meetings, working in public agencies, should wear clothes. polite,.. The rest you can choose to dress according to your preferences, wearing traditional or symbolic religious clothes are all very common in Australia. The Australian government doesn’t care what you wear on the street but they have strict laws to protect people from physical assault. This is a typical Australian culture.
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Australians are free to choose their own style of dress without being judged by anyone

OVERVIEW OF AUSTRALIA

Culinary culture of the land of Kangaroo

A developed society with multi-ethnic culture also creates a rich culinary culture. In Australia you can see the presence of almost all cuisines of the world. But to discover the most standard Australian cuisine, you should go to “Bush tucker” once. This is a dish created by the Aborigines of Australia from ancient times with ingredients from bugs, pupae and roots buried in hot ash. If you know how to enjoy it, this will be a memorable experience. In addition, while studying in Australia, you should also experience some famous Kangaroo dishes such as Ham and Pea Soup, Grilled Tasmanian, Prawn Cocktail, Vegemite, ..
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Bush tucker – Australian culinary beauty

Culture and arts
Although the population density is only 3 people/km2, the Australian architectural art scene is extremely respectable. Throughout Australia, there are major art works, regional performances. Australia also has many international performing arts troupes such as the Australian Ballet, the Australian Opera, the Brandenburg Symphony, etc.
In terms of architecture, due to many years of being a British colony, the works in Australia have Western imprints. You can easily see the Western architecture in buildings such as the rotunda in Fremantle, the Royal Exhibition Building. One of the architectural works that bring Australia’s name to the world is the Sydney Opera House or the new Dockland urban area. Looking at those works is enough to see what the height of architecture in Australia has reached.
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Sydney Opera House represents the pinnacle of Australian art and architecture

OVERVIEW OF AUSTRALIA

Festivals in Australia

To preserve the culture, show respect to its roots and remember its painful history of domination, the Australian government organizes numerous Aboriginal festivals and transforms them into the beauty of Australian culture. Coming to Australia to study, you should also learn and participate in a few festivals to better integrate into the culture of life and better understand the people here.
Ord Valley Festival
The Miriwoong Gajeroong Tribe Festival is held in the northernmost tip of Western Australia in May every year. With dances and songs, they seem to recreate the period of the birth of the tribe.
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